Most cases of prostate cancer occur in men older than 50, and two out of three cases are in men over 65. Prostate cancer accounts for 25 percent of all male cancers.
We know that African-American men are more likely than white men to develop prostate cancer and are twice as likely to die from prostate cancer. Having two or more close relatives with prostate cancer also increases a man’s risk of developing this disease.
The good news is that prostate cancer can usually be found in the early stages by having a prostate cancer screening. The American Cancer Society recommends that men begin prostate cancer screening at age 50 with an annual digital rectal exam of the prostate and possible PSA blood test. Men at high risk, such as African-American men or those with a close blood relative who has had prostate cancer, should begin screening at age 45.
Finding this cancer in the early stages offers more effective treatment options to choose from.
Screening for prostate cancer is a decision that should be based on your individual medical condition and healthcare needs.
Talking with your healthcare provider is important to help develop a personalized plan for healthcare screenings.